This week in the world of phenology we explored everyone’s favorite winter precipitation, snow! In our exploration we visited several locations along the North Shore. We delved deep, observing multiple strata from the fluffy upper layer to the subnivean zone. At each site, we counted the number of layers, measured the temperature of each layer, and compared crystal structure and size. The sites were varied in elevation and distance from Lake Superior.
Based on our observations, we discovered more layers away from the shore line and at higher elevations. Snow depth followed the same pattern. At all sites, temperature increased as we measured closer to the ground, highlighting snow’s exceptional insulating powers! Crystal size showed a marked increase in lower snow layers. Crystal structure also changed, becoming solid columns rather than smaller plate-like flakes. Next time you are out on a winter jaunt, take time to stop and dig deep. Remember you cannot simply judge snow by its crusty exterior!
By Sam Kruguer, Lyntausha Kuehl, Calvin Leitch Lodge